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An Inside Look Into the Life of a Police Dog

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Sargent.

Have you ever seen a police dog in action up close and personal? Recently, I had the chance to not only see one of these heroes practice doing his job, but I got close enough to have him give my nose kisses. Gasp — you let a big, mean, police dog lick your face? Yup, and I got to pet him and give his bum some loving scratches as well.

Sargent’s story

Sargent.

Sargent and officer Wyrick. Photography courtesy Wendy Newell.

The pup who slobbered on my face, with my consent, of course, was Sargent, a 9½-year-old Belgian Malinois and senior team member of the Fontana police K-9 unit in Fontana, California. Sergeant Kurt Schlotterbeck, who commands the K-9 unit, explains, “The perception of a police dog is that of a vicious animal. Our dogs aren’t vicious. Every training, before they start, we walk up to them, shake the handler’s hand, and pet the dog on the head. We want them [the dogs] to be social.”

I sat down with Sergeant Schlotterbeck and Sargent’s handler, Officer Mark Wyrick, to learn more about the work they and their dogs do. Wyrick, like all the K-9 handlers in the unit, spent time on the traditional police force before applying to the specialized K-9 team. Once chosen, he was paired with Sargent, and the two went through a 240-hour training course to make them a skilled team.

Sargent, like all dogs currently on the Fontana force, is cross-trained in two specialties. His training includes suspect apprehension and narcotics/firearms detection. Wyrick and Sargent’s training didn’t end after that first extensive session; it is continuous. Most of the unit’s dogs work for six to seven years, starting between the ages of 18 months to 3 years old. Even Sargent, who is near retirement age, takes part in 10-hour practice sessions with the unit and individual training with Wyrick during their shift. Wyrick has a bite sleeve and other training tools in his patrol vehicle so he can meet up with another K-9 unit for some in-field practice.

Sargent at work

My visit was during one of their long days at their training facility, so I experienced Sargent’s talent firsthand. The Fontana K-9 Unit has strong community involvement. Its civilian-led support group, Fontana Police K9 Pals, raises funds to make sure the dogs and handlers have the equipment needed to do their jobs and keep them safe. This included the donation of a training facility that houses a number of practice structures and equipment. It was at this training facility that one of Wyrick’s fellow K-9 officers suited up in a full bite suit that allows Sargent to show off his apprehension skills. Each human member of the team takes turns in these suits playing the part of the suspect.

“One of the most important things is having a decoy who has learned to understand the dog’s behavior. If you’re training them [apprehension dogs] you don’t want to train them the wrong way. Decoys are as important a piece of the puzzle as the handler is,” Schlotterbeck explains. The suit does an excellent job of keeping the faux criminal from getting hurt. In fact, analyzing a dog’s bite pressure is an important part of the job. You don’t want a pup who’s hesitant to take someone down, bites down with too little pressure or releases that pressure before being told to do so by his handler.

Sargent sat patiently next to Wyrick waiting to be told what to do. Once commanded — Sargent’s commands are all in French — he jumped forward, running at full speed toward the decoy until close enough to leap and latch on to an arm. There he stayed until Wyrick commanded Sargent to release and return to his side. Apprehension practice continued with different scenarios designed to have Sargent practice responding quickly and accurately to his partner. Downtime with Sargent

When not working, Sargent can be found in his kennel in Wyrick’s patrol vehicle or at his home, which Sargent shares with Wyrick, his wife, two human siblings and two small dogs.

Fontana police K-9 vehicles are equipped to keep the canine officers safe even during the triple digit temperatures that hit their area of California. Should the inside of the vehicle become too hot, the car’s fans turn on, windows roll down, and the horn goes off as does an alarm attached to the officer’s belt.

Working Dogs Are Just Like Us

At home, Sargent has a kennel outside and a crate inside, which he prefers and where he sleeps at night. The force has strict rules on what happens to the dogs when their handlers are not at home. Although Sargent gets along very well with everyone in the house, when Wyrick isn’t there Sargent is in his crate or kennel. When Sargent does retire, Wyrick will buy him back from the city, and the talented pooch will live out his life as a family pet — a very well-trained family pet!

When their partner retires, officers return to the traditional force. However, Wyrick has been chosen to lead a new specialized group within the K-9 unit. His new partner will be trained in Digital Media Electronic Storage Device detection, a new discipline for working dogs that allows officers to locate and identify storage devices, like thumb drives, often used in child pornography, child sexual exploitation and terrorism cases. Wyrick is excited for the opportunity and to stay with the K-9 unit, although he will undoubtedly miss working with Sargent. “As long as I’ve been a police officer he [Sargent] has been the best partner I’ve ever had.”

Q: What is Sargent’s diet?
A: Sargent eats Canidae dog food and is fed 4 to 5 cups of food daily depending on our work schedule. Sargent gets dog treats as a reward (on occasion).

Q: Does Sargent get any human food?

A: I do not feed him human food.(Writer’s note: I almost feel silly for asking!)

Q: What type of gear does Sargent use?

A: Sargent uses various leashes (depending on the task), a lowering harness and, occasionally, a muzzle. (Writer’s note: Fontana’s K-9 units do not wear bullet-proof vests. They have found that the vests are not only heavy and hot but restrict the animal’s movement and ability to get into small areas, like crawl spaces, that they are often asked to search. If there is a high probability that a suspect has a gun and will use it the officers will, most likely, find a solution to apprehend that doesn’t include the dog.)

Q: Are there certain health issues that Sargent’s job causes him to have, and how do you address those?
A: Sargent uses flea/tick medicine like any other dog. We monitor his weight just like an athlete to ensure he is ready for work and any potential task. (Writer’s note: If you follow Sargent online, you may notice that his tail is “docked.” His tail was partially amputated due to the growth of a mass that had become a health issue.)

Q: Do you groom Sargent yourself or do you take him to someone to be groomed?
A: I groom him myself with baths every month, and I inspect him daily to ensure no health issues arise.

Learn more about police dogs

To learn more about police dogs, visit nationalpolicedogfoundation.org. The National Police Dog Foundation promotes education and awareness, as well as raises funds for the purchase, training and veterinary care for active and retired police K-9s.

Thumbnail: Photography courtesy Wendy Newell.

About the author

Wendy Newell is a former VP of Sales turned dog sitter, which keeps her busy being a dog chauffeur, picking up poop and sacrificing her bed. Wendy and her dog, Riggins, take their always-changing pack of pups on adventures throughout the Los Angeles area. Learn more about them on Facebook @The Active Pack and on Instagram @wnewell.

Editor’s note: This article appeared in Dogster magazine. Have you seen the new Dogster print magazine in stores? Or in the waiting room of your vet’s office? Subscribe now to get Dogster magazine delivered straight to you! 

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